By Sumantra Bose
The hunt for sturdy peace in lands torn through ethno-national clash is likely one of the so much pressing problems with overseas politics. having a look heavily at 5 flashpoints of local concern, Sumantra Bose asks the query upon which our worldwide destiny may well rely: how can peace be made, and saved, among warring teams with probably incompatible claims? international in scope and implications yet neighborhood in concentration and procedure, Contested Lands seriously examines the hot or present peace methods in Israel-Palestine, Kashmir, Bosnia, Cyprus, and Sri Lanka for a solution. Israelis and Palestinians, Turkish and Greek Cypriots, Bosnia's Muslims, Serbs, and Croats, Sinhalese and Tamil Sri Lankans, and pro-independence, pro-Pakistan, and pro-India Kashmiris proportion homelands scarred by way of clashing aspirations and conflict. Bose explains why those lands turned zones of zero-sum clash and boldly tackles the query of the way sturdy peace should be accomplished. The instances yield vital common insights concerning the advantages of territorial self-rule, cross-border linkages, neighborhood cooperation, and third-party involvement, and the hazards of a intentionally slow ("incremental") technique of peace-building. wealthy in narrative and incisive in research, this ebook takes us deep into the heartlands of conflict--Jerusalem, Kashmir's Line of keep an eye on, the divided towns of Mostar in Bosnia and Nicosia in Cyprus, Sri Lanka's Jaffna peninsula. Contested Lands illuminates how continual disagreement can yield to compromise and coexistence within the world's so much regions--and what the U.S. can do to aid. (20071208)
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Extra resources for Contested Lands: Israel-Palestine, Kashmir, Bosnia, Cyprus, and Sri Lanka
The trauma and destitution of these innocent victims of mob violence affected him deeply, he said. 19 Sornam, an east-coast Tamil from a Roman Catholic family of ﬁsherfolk, went, like Kittu, from high school to insurgency. ” The radicalizing effect of ethnic pogroms is unmistakable, but until July 1983 the active insurgents numbered in the dozens. After July 1983 the pioneers were joined by quite literally thousands of others who took up arms against the Sinhalese-Buddhist state. The catalyst was a horriﬁc massacre of Tamils in Colombo and elsewhere in the south after an LTTE ambush on the Jaffna Peninsula killed thirteen government soldiers, all Sinhalese.
In the summer of 1991, for example, a failed Tiger offensive against a key government military garrison at Elephant Pass, which connects the Jaffna Peninsula to the mainland across a saltwater lagoon, cost the lives of 564 LTTE ﬁghters—including numerous young women and children—while in November 1993 the Tigers successfully knocked out a nearby garrison, killing over one thousand government soldiers. In the early 1990s the Tigers began to develop their naval wing, the Sea Tigers. The government navy, usually using Israeli-supplied Dvora gunboats, responded by shelling coastal areas held by the Tigers in the north.
The government then proceeded to bar TULF parliamentarians elected in 1977 from participating in parliamentary proceedings. Kittu was one of the Tigers in the ambush team on that fateful night in July 1983. He laughed as he recalled how the entire LTTE combat strength at the time—a total of thirty guerrillas—was mobilized for the attack. By 1987 the LTTE’s core combat strength had multiplied by a factor of at least a hundred. Tamil insurgency has been transformed from a small-scale hit-andrun affair to a popular insurrection.