Anatomy

A Synopsis of Physiology by A. Rendle Short and C. I. Ham (Auth.)

By A. Rendle Short and C. I. Ham (Auth.)

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Becomes lower. 2. —Increased by crico-thyroid muscle, which separates points of attachment of vocal cords. Decreased by thyro-arytenoid muscles, which approximate points of attachment. —Depends on resonating chambers. —Cricothyroid by external laryngeal nerve. Intrinsic muscles by recurrent laryngeal nerve. — Although all intrinsic muscles are paralysed, abductors are affected first, and cord assumes a more median position.

Eyster has divided cases of Cheyne-Stokes respiration into two types: (i) Dyspnœic phase accompanied by fall in blood-pressure and pulse-rate ; (2) Dyspnœic phase accompanied by rise in blood-pressure and pulse-rate. —The apnœa is due to washing oat of C0 2 in lungs. During apnoeic phase, oxygen ir blood decreases, rendering respiratory centre more s ^nsitive, and at the same time COa in blood is increasing. Respiration recommences, until C0 2 again diminshes, and also oxygen inspired lowers excitability of centre, and respiration again ceases.

3. Fat, in fine emulsion, amount being increased after a meal. 4. , urea. 5. Inorganic salts in same proportion as in plasma. 6. Carbon dioxide in solution. 7. Some lymphocytes, but apparently no blood-platelets. —Two theories : (1) Filtration and diffusion, and osmosis—generally accepted ; (2) Secretion. — 1. Pressure in blood capillaries is greater than in tissues, so t h a t fluids may be forced from capillaries into tissues. 2. Conditions t h a t alter blood-pressure in capillaries affect flow of lymph.

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